Notes to Diana Markides, THE ISSUE OF SEPARATE MUNICIPALITIES IN CYPRUS 1957–1963: AN OVERVIEW
1. See Draft Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, Appendix D, Cyprus, Cmnd 1093.
2. Reddaway (1986: 92).
3. See Luke (1921: 215–216) and Hill (1952: 208).
4. For urban population statistics, see Attaldes (1981: 111–116). See also L.W. St. John-Jones (1983: 128) and the Statistical Digest in the Municipal Commission Report 1958, Colonial Office Correspondence (henceforth CO) 926/805, Public Records Office, Kew (henceforth PRO).
5. See Coufoudakis (1976: 28–29).
6. See Patrick (1976: 468–469).
7. For a thorough and sophisticated analysis of political developments during this period see Holland (1998: 144–236).
8. Bilge (1961: 228).
9. See draft review of the year 1958 returned by Foot to Reddaway, 6 May 1959, SA1/1000/58, State Archives of the Republic of Cyprus (henceforth CSA). See also the Records of Nicosia Municipal Council, minutes of a council meeting on 16 June 1958, when the council observed a one minute silence for murdered municipal workers and 23 June 1958 for list of Turkish municipal employees given notice because they had absconded. The 72 Turkish employees included 24% of the permanent personnel and 42% of all municipal workers employed on a temporary basis. The latter nevertheless worked regularly for the municipality. See table in ‘Peri thn Dhmiourgian Idiaiterwn Tourkikwn Dhmwn en Kuprw kai h Alhqeia me thn Wmhn Glwssan twn Ariqmwn kai twn Gegonotwn: AnakoinwsiV twn Dhmarcwn twn ´Exi Polewn thV Kuprou’, archive of Mr. George Koutas, Secretary to the Nicosia Municipal Council 1958–1972.
10. Foot to Lennox-Boyd, 3 July 1958, CO926/804, PRO.
12. B. J. Surridge had served in the Cyprus Government for many years. He wrote the benchmark report Rural Poverty in Cyprus,1930.
13. Cyprus: Report of the Municipal Commission, 1958, CO926/805, PRO.
14. Ibid, see maps, pp. 250–257.
15. Minute, Surridge to Higham,19 January 1959, CO926/805, PRO.
16. See Xydis (1973: 398–400) and Averoff (1986: 316).
17. See English translation of French text of documents agreed and initialled by the Greek and Turkish Prime Minsters at Zurich on 11 February 1959 in Clerides (1989).
18. The joint constitutional commission was the body established by the London and Zurich Agreements to draw up a draft constitution for the Republic of Cyprus incorporating the basic structure agreed at Zurich. It was composed of one representative each of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot community and a representative each for the Governments of Greece and Turkey together with a legal adviser nominated by the Greek Foreign Minister and a legal advisor nominated by the Turkish Foreign Minister.
19. Nicosia to Colonial Office, 5 April 1959 and Nicosia to Colonial Office, 7 April 1959, CO926/805, PRO.
20. See Article 87(g), Draft Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, Cyprus, Cmnd. 1093, London, 1960.
21. Interview with Mr George Koutas, Secretary to the Nicosia municipal council, 1958-1972.
22. Xydis (1973: 485–488).
23. Allen, Athens to Lloyd, Foreign Office, 16 May 1959, Foreign Office Correspondence (henceforth FO) 371/14452, PRO.
24. See Markides (1998: 87-101) for a fuller treatment of the intercommunal repercussions of the Anglo-Cypriot negotiations on the British bases.
25. Draft Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, Appendix D, Cyprus, Cmnd.1093.
26. Comment made by Turkish Foreign Minister, Fatin Zorlu, recorded in Paris to Foreign Office, 18 December 1958, FO371/13640, PRO.
27. See Article 78, Draft Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus.
28. Istanbul to Foreign Office, 27 February 1959, CO926/805, PRO.
29. The fiscal situation might have been more critical had it not been for the fact that a very high proportion of income tax (some 67.52% of the total) was paid by mining companies who continued to contribute. Turkish Cypriots accounted for only 1.8% of revenue from income tax. See Table IV ‘Ethnic Shares in the Economy’ in Kitromilides (1977: 61). The anomalous situation, however, made it more difficult to collect income tax from Greek Cypriots.
30. US Status report on Cyprus included as Annex B of a letter from D.J. Speares, Washington, to J.P. Foster, Foreign Office, 23 June 1961, Dominions Office 161/6, PRO.
31. See Kitromilides (1978).
32. Memorandum of a conversation between Kokos Djirkotis, Representative from Larnaca and Oliver Crosby, Political Officer, 28 September 1962, Box 2033, RG 59, National Archives and Records Administration, Maryland (henceforth NARA).
33. Wilkins, Nicosia, to Bracken, director of Greek, Turkish and Iranian Affairs, US State Department, 5 December 1962, 780A.22/12-5620, Box2033, NARA.
35. Nicosia to Commonwealth Relations Office, 5 January 1963, FO371/168965, PRO.
36. Clerides (1989: 424–425).
37. Cyprus Mail, 25 December 1962.
38. Wilkins, Nicosia, to Bracken, Director of Greek, Turkish and Iranian Affairs, State Department, 1 February 1963, Pol. 25 Cyp, Box 5883, RG 59, NARA.
39. Foreign Office to Ankara, 10 January 1963, FO371/168965, PRO.
40. Nicosia to Secretary of State, Pol.18, Cyp, Box 3882, RG 59. NARA.
41. See Markides (1998: Ch.4) for a fuller treatment of these negotiations.
42. Nicosia to Commonwealth Relations Office, 10 May 1963, FO371/168968, PRO.
43. Ankara to Secretary of State, 18 May 1963, Pol.18 Cyp, Box 3882, RG 59, NARA.
44. For rulings on the municipal recourses see Report of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Cyprus (1963 vol. 4: 59,102,123,130).
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